I received this email from a Planning Director today who sent over Loughborough University's new initial research into the effects of COVID on construction https://www.balfourbeatty.com/media/318555/covid19-and-construction-early-lessons-for-a-new-normal.pdf . I wonder whether you would agree or disagree with his take on the industry - Discuss: "Back in the 70’s, before I’ was in the industry I hasten to add, there was a lot of use of Time and Motion studies to improve efficiency, this was particularly important where the labour force was directly employed and there was significant use of bonuses to encourage the work force. This practice fell away as contractors moved to utilising subcontractors, therefore from the contractors’ point of view the subcontractor was working to a price and it was of no interest to the contractor if the subcontractor was efficient or inefficiently with the proviso that he delivered the required product at the right time at the right cost. It could be argued that it was in the subcontractors interest to work efficiently, but this is difficult for individual subbies so the inefficiency all to frequently end up as claims in which neither party really wins. At the Olympic Park we did some time and motion studies to look at the efficiency of our subcontractors, some took it onboard and responded to the recommendations while others were openly hostile against it. The key is that with detailed planning the most efficient way of tackling a task can be determined and yet this is rarely done in our industry, we have a culture over recent decades that until Covid has bred inefficiency. Maybe this will get people thinking again about finding the most efficient way of working onsite."